by Carl A. Brasseaux and Alana A. Carmon
Parish was one of the original Louisiana parishes created in 1807. Acadian exiles and Isleños occupied the parish in the late eighteenth-century. Most of the Isleños
were established in the portion of the parish known as the Valenzuela
District. Orginally dominated by small farms, Assumption Parish was transformed
into a plantation area following the introduction of sugarcane in the
During the parish's
metamorphosis, affluent Anglo Americans and large numbers of African American slaves entered the area. The
Anglos purchased small landholdings and consolidated them into large plantations.
Many prosperous Acadian and Isleño families eventually entered
the planter class alongside their Anglo neighbors.
Assumption Parish remains an agricultural region dominated by the sugar
industry. The parish offers picturesque small towns and plantation homes. Madewood
Plantation and Christ Episcopal Church at Napoleonville are two of Louisiana's