is one of the original Louisiana parishes created in 1807. First settled
by Acadian exiles at St. Gabriel in 1767, the parish was initially a
region of small farms, but, following the introduction of sugar production
into the area in the early nineteenth century, it became one of the
South's most prosperous plantation areas.
plantation economy was based upon slave labor, and large numbers of
African American slaves were introduced into Iberville Parish in the
antebellum period (1812-1860). Most of these slaves had been sent by
their original owners in Virginia and the Carolinas to the New Orleans
slave markets (in the process giving rise to the expression "sold
down the river").
history is still vividly reflected in its abundant historical architecture.
Nottoway Plantation, located near White Castle, is the most impressive
antebellum plantation home remaining in the South. In addition, Plaquemine
is a beautifully preserved steamboat town. The Plaquemine Locks historic
site provides a fascinating look at the town's earlier role as a gateway
to the Atchafalaya Basin and the settlements beyond.
Iberville Parish's beauty, however, is not limited to its architecture.
A system of roadways from Plaquemine, Maringouin, Grosse Tete, and Ramah
provide access to the eastern periphery of one of America's largest
wilderness areasthe Atchafalaya Basin. The Basin's beauty is striking,
particularly in the fall and spring.